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If you are younger than 40 and have no known risk factors for glaucoma, the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) recommends that you have a complete eye exam every 5 to 10 years. This includes tests that check for
glaucoma.1 The AAO suggests more frequent routine eye exams as you age.
The AAO also suggests that people who are at risk for glaucoma have complete eye exams according to the schedule below:
Your eye doctor may advise you to have eye exams more often, depending on your level of risk and your overall eye health.
People at increased risk for glaucoma include those who:2
Because people with glaucoma may have normal pressures in
their eyes, measuring
eye pressure (tonometry)
should not be used as the only test for glaucoma. It needs to be combined with
other tests before glaucoma can be diagnosed.
After reviewing all of the research, the U.S. Preventive
Services Task Force
(USPSTF) has not recommended for or against routine glaucoma
screening for all adults.3
information about glaucoma and vision screening, see the topics Glaucoma and Vision Tests.
American Academy of Ophthalmology (2010). Comprehensive Adult Medical Eye Evaluation, Preferred Practice Pattern. San Francisco: American Academy of Ophthalmology. Available online: http://one.aao.org/CE/PracticeGuidelines/PPP.aspx.
American Academy of Ophthalmology (2010). Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma Suspect (Preferred Practice Pattern). San Francisco. American Academy of Ophthalmology. Also available online: http://aao.org/ppp.
U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (2005). Screening
for glaucoma: Recommendation statement. Annals of Family Medicine, 3(2): 171–172. Available online: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspsglau.htm.
Other Works Consulted
American Academy of Ophthalmology (2010). Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (Preferred Practice Pattern). San Francisco: American Academy of Ophthalmology. Also available online: http://aao.org/ppp.
February 28, 2012
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Christopher J. Rudnisky, MD, MPH, FRCSC - Ophthalmology
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