Sotos Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report Sotos Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Cerebral Gigantism

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Sotos syndrome is a variable genetic disorder characterized by excessive growth before and after birth. One of the major features of Sotos syndrome is a particular facial appearance that includes facial flushing, an abnormally prominent forehead (frontal bossing), down-slanting eyelid folds (palpebral fissures), prominent, narrow jaw, a long narrow face and a head shape that is similar to an inverted pear. Height and head circumference are measured to be greater than average for most affected children. Developmental delays are present in most children with Sotos syndrome and can include motor and language delays as well as mental retardation ranging from mild to severe. Other problems associated with Sotos syndrome include jaundice in newborns, curved spine (scoliosis), seizures, crossed eyes (strabismus), conductive hearing loss, congenital heart defects, kidney abnormalities and behavioral problems. Affected individuals also have a slightly increased risk to develop specific types of tumors. Sotos syndrome is caused by an abnormality (mutation) in the NSD1 gene.

Resources

March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
White Plains, NY 10605
Tel: (914)997-4488
Fax: (914)997-4763
Tel: (888)663-4637
Email: Askus@marchofdimes.com
Internet: http://www.marchofdimes.com

The Arc
1660 L Street, NW, Suite 301
Washington, DC 20036
Tel: (202)534-3700
Fax: (202)534-3731
Tel: (800)433-5255
TDD: (817)277-0553
Email: info@thearc.org
Internet: http://www.thearc.org

Sotos Syndrome Support Association
P.O. Box 4626
Wheaton, IL 60189-4626
USA
Tel: (888)246-7772
Email: info@sotossyndrome.org
Internet: http://www.sotossyndrome.org/

Restricted Growth Association
PO Box 1024
Peterborough, Intl PE1 9GX
United Kingdom
Tel: 0300 111 1970
Fax: 0300 111 2454
Email: office@restrictedgrowth.co.uk
Internet: http://www.restrictedgrowth.co.uk

Child Growth Foundation
2 Mayfield Avenue
Chiswick
London, W4 1PW
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 208 995 0257
Email: info@childgrowthfoundation.org or jenny.child@childgrowthfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.childgrowthfoundation.org

Sotos Syndrome Support Association of Canada
1944 Dumfries
Montreal
Quebec, Intl H3P 2R9
Canada
Fax: 5147311255
Email: info@sssac.com
Internet: http://www.sssac.com

MUMS National Parent-to-Parent Network
150 Custer Court
Green Bay, WI 54301-1243
USA
Tel: (920)336-5333
Fax: (920)339-0995
Tel: (877)336-5333
Email: mums@netnet.net
Internet: http://www.netnet.net/mums/

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

Madisons Foundation
PO Box 241956
Los Angeles, CA 90024
Tel: (310)264-0826
Fax: (310)264-4766
Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

Hong Kong Mucopolysaccharidoses & Rare Genetic Diseases Mutual Aid Group
G/F Wang Lai House
Wang Tau Hom Estate
Kowloon,
Hong Kong
Tel: 852-2794-3010
Fax: 852 2338 4820
Email: mps@hk-mps.com
Internet: http://www.hk-mps.com/en/

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  5/1/2009
Copyright  1986, 1990, 1995, 1997, 1998, 2005, 2009 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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