McCune Albright Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important
It is possible that the main title of the report McCune Albright Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • MAS
  • Albright syndrome
  • osteitis fibrosa disseminata
  • polyostotic, fibrous dysplasia
  • PFD
  • precocious puberty with polyostotic fibrosis and abnormal pigmentation
  • POFD

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Summary
McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is an extremely rare disorder that classically affects the bones, skin, and endocrine system. MAS is characterized by fibrous dysplasia of bone that occurs with at least two additional findings – patches of abnormal skin pigmentation (i.e., areas of light-brown skin [cafe-au-lait spots] with jagged borders) and dysfunction of certain glands that regulate the body's rate of growth, its sexual development, and certain other metabolic functions (multiple endocrine dysfunction). Fibrous dysplasia refers to bone that is replaced by abnormal scar-like (fibrous) connective tissue. This abnormal fibrous tissue weakens the bone, making it abnormally fragile and prone to fracture. Pain may occur in the affected areas. Malfunctioning endocrine glands can result in the development of secondary sexual characteristics at an age younger than normal (gonadotropin independent precocious puberty). MAS is the result of a genetic change (mutation) in the GNAS1 gene that occurs randomly, for no apparent reason (sporadic). In individuals with the disorder, this sporadic genetic mutation is present in only some of the body's cells (mosaic pattern). The symptoms and physical characteristics associated with the disorder vary greatly from case to case, depending upon the specific body cells and tissues that are affected by the genetic mutation. This mutation occurs after fertilization (postzygotic somatic mutation). It is not inherited from the parents.

Resources

MAGIC Foundation
6645 W. North Avenue
Oak Park, IL 60302
Tel: (708)383-0808
Fax: (708)383-0899
Tel: (800)362-4423
Email: mary@magicfoundation.org
Internet: http://www.magicfoundation.org

Paget Foundation
P O Box 24432
Brooklyn, NY 11202
Tel: (212)509-5335
Fax: (212)509-8492
Tel: (800)237-2438
Email: pagetfdn@aol.com
Internet: http://www.paget.org

NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
Information Clearinghouse
One AMS Circle
Bethesda, MD 20892-3675
USA
Tel: (301)495-4484
Fax: (301)718-6366
Tel: (877)226-4267
TDD: (301)565-2966
Email: NIAMSinfo@mail.nih.gov
Internet: http://www.niams.nih.gov/

NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
31 Center Dr
Building 31, Room 2A32
MSC2425
Bethesda, MD 20892
Fax: (866)760-5947
Tel: (800)370-2943
TDD: (888)320-6942
Email: NICHDInformationResourceCenter@mail.nih.gov
Internet: http://www.nichd.nih.gov/

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
TDD: (888)205-3223
Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

Fibrous Dysplasia Foundation, Inc.
15 Browns Court SE
Washington, DC 20003
Tel: (202)547-3288
Fax: (202)546-2854
Email: info@fibrousdysplasia.org
Internet: http://www.fibrousdysplasia.org

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  11/20/2014
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