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Home > Wellness > Health Library > Nausea and Vomiting, Age 12 and Older
Nausea is a sick feeling in the pit of your
stomach. When you are nauseated, you may feel weak and sweaty and have too much
saliva in your mouth. You may even vomit. This forces your stomach contents up
your esophagus and out of your mouth. Most of the time,
nausea and vomiting are not serious. Home treatment will often help you feel
Nausea and vomiting can be a symptom of another illness.
Nausea and vomiting may be caused by:
Nausea or vomiting also may be a symptom of a problem or a
disease, such as:
Nausea and vomiting can quickly cause
dehydration. Older adults have an increased chance of
becoming dehydrated, because they may:
Check your symptoms to decide if and when you
should see a doctor.
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Home treatment may be all that is
needed to treat occasional nausea.
If you are vomiting:
The acid in vomit can erode dental enamel and cause tooth
decay (cavities). Rinse your mouth with water after you
vomit. Brush your teeth if you can.
Call your doctor if any of the following occur during home
Food poisoning is one of the most
common causes of nausea and vomiting in adults. To prevent food poisoning:
For more information, see the topic
Food Poisoning and Safe Food Handling.
Increase your chance of staying healthy
You can help prevent influenza by getting
immunized with an influenza vaccine each year, as soon as it's available. The "flu shot" is given by injection. This form of the
vaccine prevents most cases of the flu.
Even if a flu shot does not
prevent the flu, the vaccine can make your flu symptoms milder and decrease the
risk of problems from the flu.
To prepare for your appointment, see the topic Making the Most of Your Appointment.
You can help your
doctor diagnose and treat your condition by being prepared to answer the
June 17, 2011
William H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine & H. Michael O'Connor, MD - Emergency Medicine
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.
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