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Antibiotics can be taken orally or intravenously (IV).
Antibiotics kill or prevent the growth of
bacteria that cause some sinus infections.
When using antibiotics to treat
sinusitis, it may be helpful to remember that:
When using antibiotics to treat
chronic (long-term) sinusitis, it may be helpful to remember that:
Antibiotics may be needed when
symptoms of sinusitis do not respond to home treatment, symptoms are severe, or
complications (such as pus forming in sinus cavities) develop.
Other antibiotics may be prescribed to treat bacterial
infections that are
resistant to amoxicillin and
Antibiotic treatment of sinusitis is
generally safe and very effective. Most people recover completely when they are
treated with antibiotics.
All medicines have side effects. But many people don't feel the side effects, or they are able to deal with them. Ask your pharmacist about the side effects of each medicine you take. Side effects are also listed in the information that comes with your medicine.
Here are some important things to think about:
Call 911 or other emergency services right away if you have:
Call your doctor if you have:
Common side effects of this medicine include:
Reference for a full list of side effects. (Drug Reference is not available in
It is important to take all of the medicine your doctor prescribes. Keep taking it even after you begin to feel better.
This is especially important when treating sinusitis because the antibiotics do not easily penetrate the mucus inside
Your doctor will try to select an antibiotic that is most
likely to kill the bacteria causing your sinusitis. If the antibiotic fails to
cure your sinusitis, another may be tried. If your condition does not improve,
further testing may be needed to find which antibiotic will work best for
Medicine is one of the many tools your doctor has to treat a health problem. Taking medicine as your doctor suggests will improve your health and may prevent future problems. If you don't take your medicines properly, you may be putting your health (and perhaps your life) at risk.
There are many reasons why people have trouble taking their medicine. But in most cases, there is something you can do. For suggestions on how to work around common problems, see the topic Taking Medicines as Prescribed.
If you are pregnant, breast-feeding, or planning to get pregnant, do not use any medicines unless your doctor tells you to. Some medicines can harm your baby. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, herbs, and supplements. And make sure that all your doctors know that you are pregnant, breast-feeding, or planning to get pregnant.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
Complete the new medication information form (PDF)(What is a PDF document?) to help you understand this medication.
September 12, 2012
Patrice Burgess, MD - Family Medicine & Donald R. Mintz, MD - Otolaryngology
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