Health Library

Nearsightedness: Related Inherited Diseases

Topic Overview

Most inherited eye diseases that can cause or be associated with nearsightedness are rare. Common inherited diseases include:

  • Nyctalopia (night blindness).
  • Achromatopsia (disease of the cones or rods in the retina).
  • Nystagmus (rhythmic jerking movements of the eyes).
  • Keratoconus (progressive thinning of the central cornea, which gives the cornea a cone-shaped appearance).
  • Retinitis pigmentosa (degeneration of the retina that affects night vision and side [peripheral] vision).
  • Infantile glaucoma.

Other genetic diseases associated with nearsightedness include:

  • Certain rare connective tissue disorders.
  • Albinism, a genetic pigment deficiency that causes milky skin, white hair, and pink or blue eyes.
  • Down syndrome.
  • Homocystinuria, a genetic condition that causes developmental delays, failure to thrive, and neurological abnormalities.
  • Turner syndrome, which causes short stature and lack of sexual development at puberty in females.
  • Trisomy 22, which causes severe intellectual disability and eye defects.

Related Information

Credits

By Healthwise Staff
Primary Medical Reviewer Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer Christopher J. Rudnisky, MD, MPH, FRCSC - Ophthalmology
Last Revised June 24, 2011

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