Home > Patients & Visitors > Health Library > Heart Valve Disease
Heart valve disease is the term used for a number of conditions that
affect the four valves of the heart.
A heart valve disease happens when any of the heart's valves either cannot open well
enough to let blood flow through (stenosis) or cannot close well enough to
prevent backflow of the blood (regurgitation). Heart valve disease can affect
any of the four valves in different ways, including a combination of stenosis
These diseases include:
A heart valve disease affects how well blood flows through your heart.
Your heart is divided into two separate pumping systems—right and
Your heart has four separate chambers that pump blood—two on the
right side and two on the left side:
Blood travels through your heart and lungs in four steps. In each step, it must pass through a valve.
See a picture of the
heart and its chambers, valves, and blood flow.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerRakesh K. Pai, MD, FACC - Cardiology, ElectrophysiologyMartin J. Gabica, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerJohn A. McPherson, MD, FACC, FSCAI - Cardiology
Current as ofJanuary 27, 2016
Current as of:
January 27, 2016
Rakesh K. Pai, MD, FACC - Cardiology, Electrophysiology & Martin J. Gabica, MD - Family Medicine & John A. McPherson, MD, FACC, FSCAI - Cardiology
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 1995-2016 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
Our interactive Decision Points guide you through making key health decisions by combining medical information with your personal information.
You'll find Decision Points to help you answer questions about:
Get started learning more about your health!
Our Interactive Tools can help you make smart decisions for a healthier life. You'll find personal calculators and tools for health and fitness, lifestyle checkups and pregnancy.
Feeling under the weather?
Use our interactive symptom checker to evaluate your symptoms and determine appropriate action or treatment.