Home > Patients & Visitors > Health Library > Toxic Shock Syndrome Bacteria
The two most common bacteria found in the diagnosis of
toxic shock syndrome (TSS) are Streptococcus pyogenes (group A strep) or Staphylococcus aureus (staph). In
some cases of TSS, the strep or staph bacteria may cause a serious infection in
the body, such as
Strep TSS is not as likely as staph TSS to come back. A person with
staph TSS has an increased chance for getting it again.
Strep TSS may be related to:
But strep TSS can develop in people who have no risk
Symptoms of strep TSS include:
Group A strep bacteria can be identified by
cultures from a sample of blood or
cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) or by a tissue
biopsy. Cultures from the throat, the
vagina, or a
sputum sample may also contain the bacteria.
In adults, staph may be part of the normal body bacteria on the
skin and in the nose and vagina. More than 90% of adults have developed
antibodies to the staph bacteria toxin that causes
TSS.footnote 1 For those who have not developed an immunity and
contract a staph infection, toxic shock syndrome may be related to:
Symptoms of staph TSS include:
Que Y-A, Moreillon P (2010). Staphylococcus aureus (including staphylococcal toxic shock). In GL Mandell et al., eds., Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 7th ed., vol. 2, pp. 2543–2578. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerE. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal MedicineAdam Husney, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerDennis L. Stevens, MD, PhD - Internal Medicine, Infectious Disease
Current as ofMay 24, 2016
Current as of:
May 24, 2016
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Dennis L. Stevens, MD, PhD - Internal Medicine, Infectious Disease
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 1995-2016 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
Our interactive Decision Points guide you through making key health decisions by combining medical information with your personal information.
You'll find Decision Points to help you answer questions about:
Get started learning more about your health!
Our Interactive Tools can help you make smart decisions for a healthier life. You'll find personal calculators and tools for health and fitness, lifestyle checkups and pregnancy.
Feeling under the weather?
Use our interactive symptom checker to evaluate your symptoms and determine appropriate action or treatment.