Home > Patients & Visitors > Health Library > Comprehensive Metabolic Panel
A comprehensive metabolic panel is a
blood test that measures your sugar (glucose) level,
electrolyte and fluid balance,
kidney function, and liver function.
Glucose is a type of sugar your body uses for energy. Electrolytes keep
your body's fluids in balance. They also help keep your body working normally,
including your heart rhythm, muscle contraction, and brain function. The
kidneys help keep the right balance of water, salts, and minerals in the blood.
They also filter out waste and other unneeded substances from the blood. The
liver helps with digestion and produces some vitamins and other
substances that the body needs. It also controls the amounts of glucose,
protein, and fat in the blood and releases substances that keep your
immune system healthy.
Your doctor may
order a comprehensive metabolic panel as part of a regular health examination.
Your doctor may use this test to check on a medical condition, such as
high blood pressure, or to help diagnose a medical
condition, such as
This panel measures the blood
levels of albumin, blood
urea nitrogen, calcium, carbon dioxide, chloride, creatinine, glucose, potassium, sodium, total bilirubin and protein, and liver enzymes (alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, and aspartate aminotransferase).
You may be asked to stop eating and drinking for 10 to 12
hours before you have this blood test.
Other Works Consulted
Chernecky CC, Berger BJ (2013). Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures, 6th ed. St. Louis: Saunders.
Fischbach FT, Dunning MB III, eds. (2009). Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests, 8th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Pagana KD, Pagana TJ (2010). Mosby’s Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests, 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerE. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerBrian D. O'Brien, MD - Internal Medicine
Current as ofFebruary 19, 2016
Current as of:
February 19, 2016
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & Brian D. O'Brien, MD - Internal Medicine
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 1995-2016 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
Our interactive Decision Points guide you through making key health decisions by combining medical information with your personal information.
You'll find Decision Points to help you answer questions about:
Get started learning more about your health!
Our Interactive Tools can help you make smart decisions for a healthier life. You'll find personal calculators and tools for health and fitness, lifestyle checkups and pregnancy.
Feeling under the weather?
Use our interactive symptom checker to evaluate your symptoms and determine appropriate action or treatment.