Home > Patients & Visitors > Health Library > Emergency Food and Water Supplies
Having a supply of food and water can be helpful in any kind of
extended emergency, whether it is a national security emergency or a natural
disaster. If you are unable to leave your home, if the local water supply
becomes contaminated, or if access to food and water is limited or unavailable,
emergency supplies may be able to sustain you and your family until the
emergency has passed.
The question of how long you should plan for your supplies to last
does not have an easy answer. It is impractical for most people to store and
maintain large reserves of food and water, and it is unlikely that you will
ever need them. Having a short-term supply, however, may make sense. The
American Red Cross and the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Administration
(FEMA) recommend that you have enough food and water to last from several days
up to 2 weeks.
Water is the most important part of any emergency supplies kit. You
can exist on very little food for a long time, but after a short time without
adequate water, your body will not be able to function. Most people need about
2 quarts per day. Including the water needed for hygiene and cooking as well as
drinking, a reasonable guideline is to store one gallon of water per person per
day. So, a family of 4 who wanted to keep a 1-week supply of water on hand
would need to store 28 gallons (1 gallon per day per person, times 4 people,
times 7 days). A 3-day supply for 4 people would be 12 gallons.
Remember that water and most food supplies—even some
"nonperishables"—have to be replaced periodically.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerE. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal MedicineKathleen Romito, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerR. Steven Tharratt, MD, MPVM, FACP, FCCP - Pulmonology, Critical Care Medicine, Medical Toxicology
Current as ofMarch 25, 2016
Current as of:
March 25, 2016
E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine & Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & R. Steven Tharratt, MD, MPVM, FACP, FCCP - Pulmonology, Critical Care Medicine, Medical Toxicology
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 1995-2016 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
Our interactive Decision Points guide you through making key health decisions by combining medical information with your personal information.
You'll find Decision Points to help you answer questions about:
Get started learning more about your health!
Our Interactive Tools can help you make smart decisions for a healthier life. You'll find personal calculators and tools for health and fitness, lifestyle checkups and pregnancy.
Feeling under the weather?
Use our interactive symptom checker to evaluate your symptoms and determine appropriate action or treatment.