Kawasaki Disease

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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It is possible that the main title of the report Kawasaki Disease is not the name you expected.

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Kawasaki disease is an acute multisystem inflammatory disease of blood vessels (vasculitis) that most commonly affects infants and young children. The disease may be characterized by a high fever, inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat, a reddish skin rash, and swelling of lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy). In addition, individuals with Kawasaki disease may develop inflammation of arteries that transport blood to heart muscle (coronary arteritis), associated widening or bulging (aneurysms) of the walls of affected coronary arteries, inflammation of heart muscle (myocarditis), and/or other symptoms and findings. Kawasaki disease is the primary cause of acquired heart disease in children in the United States. Although the cause of the disease is unknown, it is widely thought to be due to infection or an abnormal immune response to infection.

Supporting Organizations

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

1600 Clifton Road NE
Atlanta, GA 30333
Tel: (404)639-3534
Tel: (800)232-4636
Email: cdcinfo@cdc.gov
Website: http://www.cdc.gov/

Congenital Heart Information Network (C.H.I.N.)

P.O. Box 3397
Margate City, NJ 08402-0397
Tel: (609)823-4507
Fax: (609)822-1574
Email: mb@tchin.org
Website: http://www.tchin.org

European Society for Immunodeficiencies

1-3 rue de Chantepoulet
Geneva, CH 1211
Tel: 410229080484
Fax: 41229069140
Email: esid@kenes.com
Website: http://www.esid.org

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
Website: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

Kids With Heart ~ National Association for Children's Heart Disorders, Inc.

1578 Careful Dr.
Green Bay, WI 54304
Tel: (920)498-0058
Fax: (920)498-0058
Tel: (800)538-5390
Email: michelle@kidswithheart.org
Website: http://www.kidswithheart.org

Little Hearts, Inc.

P.O. Box 171
110 Court Street, Suite 3A
Cromwell, CT 6416
Tel: (860)635-0006
Fax: (860)635-0006
Tel: (866)435-4673
Email: info@littlehearts.org
Website: http://www.littlehearts.org

NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

NIAID Office of Communications and Government Relations
5601 Fishers Lane, MSC 9806
Bethesda, MD 20892-9806
Tel: (301)496-5717
Fax: (301)402-3573
Tel: (866)284-4107
Email: ocpostoffice@niaid.nih.gov
Website: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/

Vasculitis Foundation

PO Box 28660
Kansas City, MO 64188
Tel: (816)436-8211
Fax: (816)436-8211
Tel: (800)277-9474
Email: vf@vasculitisfoundation.org
Website: http://www.vasculitisfoundation.org

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). For a full-text version of this report, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report.

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

Last Updated:  4/10/2009
Copyright  2009 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.