WHIM Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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Important
It is possible that the main title of the report WHIM Syndrome is not the name you expected.

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Summary
WHIM syndrome is a rare primary immunodeficiency disorder, which are disorders in which the body's immune system does not function properly. WHIM is an acronym for some of the characteristic symptoms of the disorder - (w)arts, (h)ypogammaglobulinemia, (i)nfections, and (m)yelokathexis. Individuals with WHIM syndrome are more susceptible to potentially life-threatening bacterial infections. To a lesser extent, they are also predisposed to viral infections. Affected individuals are particularly susceptible to human papillomavirus (HPV), which can cause skin and genital warts and potentially lead to cancer. Affected individuals have extremely low levels of certain white bloods (neutrophils) in the blood (neutropenia). In most cases, WHIM syndrome is caused by mutations of the CXCR4 gene. This mutation is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait.
Introduction
WHIM syndrome is a primary immunodeficiency disorder, one of a group of disorders characterized by irregularities in the cell development and/or cell maturation process of the immune system. The immune system is divided into several components, the combined actions of which are responsible for defending against infectious agents. The T cell system (cell-mediated immune response) contributes to fighting several viruses, some bacteria and yeast and fungi. The B cell system (humoral immune response) fights infection caused by other viruses and bacteria. It does so by secreting immune factors called antibodies (also known as immunoglobulins) into the fluid portion of the blood (serum) and body secretions (e.g. saliva). There are five classes of immunoglobulins (Ig) known as IgA, IgD, IgE, IgG, and IgM. Antibodies can directly kill microorganisms or coat them so they are more easily destroyed by white blood cells.

Supporting Organizations

Canadian Immunodeficiencies Patient Organization

8516 – 18 Avenue S.W.
Edmonton, AB T6X 0R7
Canada
Tel: 7056963679
Fax: 8669427651
Tel: 1-877-607-CIPO (2476)
Email: info@cipo.ca
Website: http://www.cipo.ca

European Society for Immunodeficiencies

1-3 rue de Chantepoulet
Geneva, CH 1211
Switzerland
Tel: 410229080484
Fax: 41229069140
Email: esid@kenes.com
Website: http://www.esid.org

Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Tel: (301)251-4925
Fax: (301)251-4911
Tel: (888)205-2311
Website: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

Immune Deficiency Foundation

110 West Road
Suite 300
Towson, MD 21204
Tel: (410)321-6647
Fax: (410)321-9165
Tel: (800)296-4433
Email: idf@primaryimmune.org
Website: http://www.primaryimmune.org

International Patient Organization for Primary Immunodeficiencies

Firside Main Road
Downderry
Cornwall, PL11 3LE
United Kingdom
Tel: 441503250668
Fax: 441503250961
Email: info@ipopi.org
Website: http://www.ipopi.org/

Jeffrey Modell Foundation

780 Third Avenue
New York, NY 10017
USA
Tel: (212)819-0200
Fax: (212)764-4180
Tel: (866)469-6474
Email: info@jmfworld.org
Website: http://www.info4pi.org

NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

NIAID Office of Communications and Government Relations
5601 Fishers Lane, MSC 9806
Bethesda, MD 20892-9806
Tel: (301)496-5717
Fax: (301)402-3573
Tel: (866)284-4107
Email: ocpostoffice@niaid.nih.gov
Website: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/

For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). For a full-text version of this report, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report.

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

Last Updated:  7/28/2015
Copyright  2013 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.